Why is a battleships’s underwater armor important? Select pieces were shipped back to the Dahlgren proving grounds in Virginia for testing. Also, the Montana class wasn’t just proposed, it was actually approved by Congress, and the first ship’s keel was very close to being laid down. Ok so this isn't going to be a fully … “World War II radar, on the flip, could give you a very good range number, but unless you had a modern set, getting a decent bearing was a real bear. While a showdown between the Iowa-class and Yamato-class would have been impressive, the true ultimate showdown would have been between the Montana-class battleships and the Yamato-class. Bismarck vs Yamato vs USS Iowa. A Panama Canal expansion project was started in 1939 roughly the same time the Montana-class ships were designed. It would have been the ultimate duel of dreadnoughts. Playing next. Torpedos may have been a weak spot just like on Iowas – but Iowa did not carry many of those. Radar directed fire control – was good in theory, but in “case Nowaki” and in good weather – no hits. But it would only take a lucky hit or two to knock out a radar, and with those powerful 18.1-inch guns, a hit from Yamato’s main battery would hurt Iowa. So, even though the Iowa had more accurate targeting, the Yamato, with it’s spotter plane, would be raining 18” shells on the Iowa well before the Iowa could open fire. In addition, the main deck of the Yamato sits about 0.5m higher, but the height of the 2nd upper deck (which is generally defines the size of the superstructure volume) is well over 1m higher. 18-Inch shells built for the Yamato-class battleships. The Montana-class would have retained 16-inch guns but would carry twelve of them and would be comparable in size and displacement to the Yamato. In reality, the two ships never met in battle. But what if they had, in a cataclysmic clash of seagoing titans? But if both ships were considered to be nominally obsolete, why bother ? Battleship Deathmatch: USS Iowa vs. Russia's Kirov-Class Battlecruiser (Who Wins?) And this is happening. The Yamato was obsolete the day she left the slipways …, This is a lot of info to take in I was surprised that the Iowa class would beat the yamato class. USS Iowa vs IJN Yamato *REMADE* Lowell Gabe. Both the IJN Yamato and Musashi were sunk in combat but there was a third vessel. Here Parshall lumps together several factors, such as speed and damage control. USS Iowa and New Jersey -VS- IJN Yamato and Musashi. Yamato and Musashi, the largest and most powerfully built ships in history (although perhaps at some disadvantage relative to the American Iowas) utterly outclassed the … The U.S. Navy realized early in the war though that these ships were obsolete before they had even been laid down and cancelled them. © Copyright 2021 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. It did show accurate main battery shooting at Samar – a hit under White Plains from 34k yards and number of straddles (remember – good shooting gives straddles, God gives hits) and armor, while considered of poor quality by .90 was still very heavy, both belt and deck. Battleship Dream Battle: Japan's 65,000 Ton Yamato vs. America's Iowa-Class (Who Wins?) hide. Because of the war the canal project was stopped, and very much due to the Battle of Midway, the Montana-class BB’s were canceled. The USS Wisconsin was the fourth and final Iowa-class battleship completed. Your email address will not be published. U.S. Navy photo. Iowa could sail at 33 knots to Yamato’s 27, which would confer some advantage in opening or closing range. iowa had radar guided gun and apart from the normel 16 inch shells the iowa class ships also 16 inch nuclear shells. As part of its quest for qualitative superiority, Japan trained its battleship crews in long-range shots to achieve such devastating underwater hits. Next Last. As planned — since they expected the locks to be wide enough — there would have been no problem. Who would have won? level 1. The IJN Yamato was the lead ship of her class. The Japanese vessel had 9 inches of deck armor to Iowa’s 6, and an impressive 26 inches of armor on the faces of her main gun turrets, versus just 20 inches of turret armor for Iowa. The easy answer is the Iowa-Class. and we already know how that played out. Yamato vs. Iowa or North Carolina...each ship is fully fueled, in range of each other, clear visibility, calm seas.' However, Yamato had poor seams between her upper and lower armor belts, which allowed water to enter when she was torpedoed by U.S. aircraft off Okinawa. So, the combination of decent optics plus world-class radar is way better than world-class optics plus crappy radar.”. Yamato’s nine 18-inchers could throw a 3,200-pound shell out to 26 miles, while Iowa’s nine 16-inch guns could propel a 2,700-pound shell 24 miles. Your email address will not be published. Omega. “Iowa’s fire control is better. Humans.....read my words! USS Iowa vs IJN Yamato *REMADE* Report. Among the battleships he compares are Yamato and Iowa, based on five criteria: guns, armor, underwater protection, fire control and “tactical factors” such as speed and damage control. Chopper Greg. The two classes never met in battle but it’s interesting to … Battleship Showdown: Hitler's Bismarck vs. America's Iowa-Class Battleship (Who Wins?) The resulting impact penetrated and ripped the armor apart. Germany was, after all, considered the primary threat, with Japan second and Italy third. Also keep in mind, that these test shells were inert, missing the 750 lbs of high explosive that would normally be found inside them. Most of the Shinano’s armor had already been built when the conversion was ordered and the U.S. Navy found some of it in storage after the war. In one corner, Japan’s Yamato, weighing in at 65,000 tons, the biggest battleship in history. (Recommended: The 5 Biggest Battleship Battles of All Time). Yamato’s 18.1-inch guns were the largest ever mounted on a warship. “But if you throw enough shells up in the air, strange things can happen. While both ships enjoyed certain advantages over each other, those advantages are so slender that luck would probably play as decisive role as firepower and armor. Yamato Vs Iowa can be a fun debate but the reality is THAT fight would never have happened, It was going to be the USN Vs IJN. 6 comments. GENERAL COMMENTS: In the battle of the heavyweights, Iowa edges Yamato, largely because of her awesome fire-control. Prev. 479. Imagine this WW2 scenario: the IJN Yamato was closing in on a USN task force escorted by the battleship Iowa. So who would have won in a ship on ship engagement? williamcarter1993. save. This was the thickest armor ever made for a warship and it was speculated that the Yamato’s armor was impervious to the 16-inch shells of American battleships. Go. Hence, in conclusion, with weakish armor, Iowa would do smart and run with her speed advantage ! But when it comes to damage control, America was far ahead of Japan and … 4 days ago. Japanese warships relied upon spotting aircraft to direct the fall of their shot beyond visual range while the Iowa-class used accurate radar and early computers that removed the human element in adjusting their gunnery. I am going to assume we're using it's 1941 armament. It would have been the ultimate battle on the high seas: Yamato vs. Iowa. That was taken into consideration, when they chose the width of the ships. While both ships enjoyed certain advantages over each other, those advantages are so slender that luck would probably play as decisive role as firepower and armor. “This was a much better performance than other contemporary systems,” he continues, “and gave U.S. battleships a major tactical advantage, in that they could both shoot and maneuver, whereas their opponents could only do one or the other.”. In fact, the only range at which Iowa can really win a fight with Kirov is within twenty miles, when the ship’s nine sixteen-inch guns can come into play. SoDak, Yamato and Richelieu are practically in a dead heat, which is surprising on the face of it, until South Dakota's and Richelieu's very respectable fire control, and excellent protection is considered. I agree with your predicted outcome. Bismarck gets wrecked it is pretty much objectively worse than the other two in almost every respect. (Recommended: Is it Time to Bring Back the Battleships?). remade this, my other Iowa vs Yamato video kind of sucked, let me know what you think of this and and subscribe Follow. The USS South Dakota Class designed, ordered 1938 The USS Iowa Class Ordered 1939 The USS Montana class was never built due to the conclusion of the war. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. When I was a kid..I was absolutely obsessed with battleships. Nazi Germany's Battleship Bismarck vs. America's Iowa Class: Who Wins? Ces bâtiments furent engagés dans les campagnes du Pacifique.C'est à bord de l'un d'entre eux, l'USS Missouri, que fut signée la capitulation du Japon mettant fin à la Seconde Guerre mondiale. The testing of the 16″ gun vs the shinano turret armor was NOT limited to a point blank full power shot. Based strictly on raw numbers, I would give the edge to Iowa based on her superior fire control. Carriers, particularly the Essex long hull class, were the new capital ship for all intents and considerations. Yamato had a displacement one-third larger than Iowa, which should confer a larger ability to absorb damage. She bombarded shore targets aplenty, but never had the chance to engage an enemy battleship. It’s important to note that this heavy armor only covered certain parts of the Yamato, not the entire vessel. Battle. “As such, hers is a sort of ‘brute force’ approach to protection. “Yamato was simply built to stand up to and utterly outclass any conceivable American or British opponent by sheer weight of gunfire and elephant-like armor,” Parshall writes. report. After watching too much Kantai Collection comes the battle the military historians dream about, but which never happened. Of the seven battleships Parshall analyzed, Yamato and Iowa had the best underwater armor. A design model of the proposed Montana-class battleships. [I][B]Without [/B][/I]carrier support; this is a test of the finest, and last big-gun battleships ever built on Earth. Sort by . Her armor layout isn’t the most efficient, but she has a lot of armor, so it doesn’t really matter.”. Given World War II fire control systems, the chance of hitting a battleship moving at 30 miles per hour from a distance of 25 miles is very small. The Iowas were designed to be high-speed 32-knot battleships to act as the protection to the carrier fleet. This piece first appeared in War Is Boring here. Jon Parshall, historian and author of the superb Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway has pitted the top battleships of various nations against each other at Combinedfleet.com, the go-to site for information on the Imperial Japanese Navy. “The chances of any given shell giving us a good underwater effect is pretty low,” Parshall noted. The Yamato-class vessels were huge at 72,000 tons and carried nine 18-inch guns. This sets up a nasty scenario for her: she’ll have to advance, under the full weight of an enemy vessel’s broadside, having her “T capped” the whole time, until she’s finally in effective range. The two classes never met in battle but it’s interesting to wonder which one would have won in an engagement. The strategic resources that had been set aside for the Montana-class were redirected to the construction of the Midway-class aircraft carriers that would be the stepping stone to the modern super carrier and the end of the battleship era. For his analysis, Parshall assumes that both battleship captains would close the range to less than 23 miles. The Yamato-class was built for a different era of warfare. But optics were susceptible to bad weather and smoke. This concept was exemplified during the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck by the HMS King George and HMS Rodney in 1941. Which side takes it? In one corner, Japan’s Yamato, weighing in at 65,000 tons, the biggest … That doesn't account for the MASSIVE "pagoda" tower of the Yamato, … There was more than one test completed, and the other shots were with a reduced powder charge, to simulate different ranges, one of which was simulated at 30,000 yards. Yamato and Iowa wouldn’t have stood turret-to-turret in an arena like a pair of heavyweight boxers. They would have been surrounded by cruisers, destroyers and subs. In fact, the only time battleships slugged it out, without all the small fry in the way, was when Bismarck and the German cruiser Prinz Eugen confronted the British battleship Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser Hood in the Battle of the Denmark Strait. But when it comes to damage control, America was far ahead of Japan and other nations. 04-03-2015, 10:25 AM #2. The particular piece of armor tested was the 26-inch frontal armor for one of the Shinano’s 18-inch turrets. 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